The most common reason of anemia is iron deficiency. Iron is a vital micro element in human body that is responsible for the formation of hemoglobin. It is a protein that carries oxygen to all parts of the body. About one third of iron is stored as hemosiderin and ferritin in spleen, bone marrow and the liver.
When someone develops anemia, the person is said to be anemic and is usually more tired, cold and looks pale. There can be different reasons what causes anemia but each of them causes a drop in the circulation of red blood cells. It can happen because any of the following reasons –
- the body fails to produce enough hemoglobin
- the body is producing the protein but cannot work properly
- there is low red blood cells count in the body
- the body breaks down the RBC is too fast
How common is anemia?
More than 2 billion people in the world, which is approximately 30% of the total population, suffers from anemia. It is more common in countries that have fewer resources. More than 3 million Americans are estimated to suffer from this disorder.
Who can be affected?
The truth is, anyone can suffer from iron deficiency. But iron deficiency anemia can affect the following people the most –
- Women – because monthly menstruation often cause excessive blood loss. The condition can worsen if she has a condition like fibroids Children – kids below 2 years of age need iron for their growth so any less intake can cause the condition
- People over 65 – they are like to suffer from iron poor diet and for them it can even lead to a chronic condition
- People living on blood thinners such as aspirin can have the deficiency of iron
Signs and symptoms
Most common symptoms of iron anemia deficiency includes but not limited to –
- dizziness or constant weakness
- dry skin, paleness or bruises on skin
- restless leg syndrome
- fast heartbeat
Decreased absorption of food
This is one of the main reasons for iron deficiency. For people whose diet do not include heme iron is one of the major reasons for iron deficiency anemia. Heme iron can be absorbed more effectively than the non-heme iron which are available in plant based foods. Although Vitamin C and B12, zinc and folate can help in facilitating non heme absorption, you have to be careful about your diet chart which actually interfere with the iron absorption rate.
Proton pump inhibitors, antacids, calcium supplements have been studied to inhibit iron absorption in the body.
How is it diagnosed and detected?
Normally, there are tests that check the hemoglobin amount in the body. Hematocrit provides the percentage measure of the RBC in the blood which indicates the amount of iron reserve in the body. It also helps to understand the iron binding capacity. There are some tests which is used to calculate transferrin iron saturation which is a measure of the iron in the transit in the serum.
Sometimes a complete blood count, zinc protoporphyrin, reticulocyte hemoglobin content are done to test and diagnose the body condition.
Treating iron anemia deficiency can have different approaches depending on the condition and the threat of anemia. There can be an increased demand if you are in a growing spurt or are pregnant. If you have any blood loss condition such as heavy periods or elaborate surgeries, the interference with iron absorption will be different. For some, the approaches can be as simple as change in the diet while for others there can be a need to take iron supplements.
If you suspect you have iron deficit, take the help of a medical professional. Iron catch is one of the top iron supplements which are made from various vitamins and minerals and fish oligosaccharides that can help to promote normal iron absorption. With the first iron free iron deficiency solution, you can get improved iron absorption rate in the body. People reported fast and effective results within a month of consumption. Although there is no stated side effects like any other typical iron supplement, you should speak to your health care provider before taking it regularly.